How to go from victim to killer Russian master.
Partner Arkady Rotenberg to fight Nikolai Vaschilin recalls that the Leningrad judoka should have died in the early 1990s. Then Rotenberg returned to St. Petersburg from Germany, where on the basis of Jewish origin emigrated in the years of perestroika and where he received the German personal documents. Business mentor Rotenberg was repeatedly convicted Leonid Usvyatsov - criminal authority and extortionist who gave Arkady Romanovich work "Tambov" organized crime groups and acquainted with the main leaders of this influential community. In 1994 Usvyatsov was killed, and during the funeral, according to Vaschilina by Rothenberg and his friend Konstantin Goloshapova known among "Tambovtsev" under the alias of "Medic", unknown gunmen opened fire. Future billionaire saved athletic reaction - he had time to fall to the ground.The same Vaschilin contends that the archives of the Ministry of Internal Affairs had account information about his son Arkady Rotenberg - the current Chairman of the Board of "Gazprom drilling" Igor Rotenberg, who in his youth allegedly committed the offense for which he was sitting in prison. Apparently, we can talk about the robbery and theft.IA "Ruspres" plans to devote a separate episodes according to the investigation, and yet should examine the situation in which the father and son now live Rotenebergi. A favorite family restaurant is Moscow "Gusyatnikoff". As Forbes notes to services Rotenberg heavy crystal chandeliers, chairs with embroidery, the main hall for 150 persons with mezzanine, simulating the library in the style of the XVIII century, rooms with billiards, cigar room, hookahs and a private mini-hotel with luxury beds. Before the revolution, the family members engaged in view of the royal Gusyatnikova taxes - Siberian gold, jewels and furs. In Moscow, they owned this three-story mansion with six half-columns of the Ionic order in the Taganka district, a variety of household objects of different industries and the mercy of a monopoly for their vodka "Drinking the company." In order to prevent the smuggling of alcohol in Moscow, tax farmers built shaft with outposts, which served the city boundary. And by the way, the current Manege Square called Gusyatnikovskoy: there was not even any of the Manege, and stood their shops.In 2008-2009, "Gusyatnikoff" created one of the best Russian restaurateur Arkady Novikov. Customers were entrepreneurs Rotenberg: Igor, Arkady and his brother Boris, who had Finnish citizenship and a similar biography of St. Petersburg. It is this family rented a house Gusyatnikova. "I made a plan - where is the kitchen, halls, - put the chef, with whom we have worked in a restaurant -" University "and all - says Novikov. - I did not plan to make money, did just an acquaintance. "Restaurant - "Rotenberg family place." According to a source close to the family and its members are now trying to get rid of the Finnish-German past. Given strict instructions "podderzhivaet russkost, Orthodox, restoring the origins and traditions." If the "Pushkin" - a noble, Russian-French cuisine here - a merchant, although about one-price category - one of the highest in the capital.Rotenberg then going close family circle and are negotiating with partners. The restaurant often serves the sporting events in which Rothenberg, senior judoka and a passionate hockey player, "involved 150%." "There's a family atmosphere - recalls do not happen again in the" Gusyatnikoff "Michael Abizov - dollar billionaire former owner Arkady Rotenberg sold shares in the company" Mostotrest ", and now the Russian Federation Minister for Open Government. - Even if more than 300 people gathered, Arkady come to everyone talk and close friends spend funny skits and shoot films about the "family".Unlike the rest of their business empire consisting of banks, suppliers, and "Gazprom" contractors, real estate, chemicals and media companies, restaurant Rotenberg - not a business. they are not engaged by the Office. According to their manager, "project unprofitable, and the owners of material help." In 2013, on revenue of 57 million rubles more than the loss of the restaurant made 23 million.Other assets Arkady Rotenberg - is another matter. "Stroygazmontazh" in which he sole proprietor, received the 2014 revenue (exclusive of VAT), 225 billion rubles, and the profit of 15 billion. In 2015, billionaire set a new record, has received a contract from the state and state-owned companies at 555.5 billion rubles, including contract "Gazprom" in the pipeline "Power of Siberia" (198 billion rubles). At the same time by a large margin Rothenberg headed today Forbes rating of "Kings of the state order"."Tambov" gasArkady Rotenberg came into the business after working with Leonid Usvyatsovym and "Tambov" colleagues - a fully-fledged man, in an age when, remain at large, it is too late to fill knowledge gaps in the management of financial risk, or in technology, says company owner of the metallurgical industry, requested anonymity. Rotenberg, he said, soberly assess their capabilities and understand that management training - not his way. But "Gangster Petersburg" gave him something else: a flair for danger money and the desire to take risks, the ability to place pictures, learning, and talent in the use of the command relationship.The businessman, who had a joint business with Arkady Rotenberg, says, "Arkady no ideal role model, he is self-sufficient to the 100%. Wrong to say that he made the biggest leap in comparison with the rest of the "St. Petersburg team." Strongly grown and [Prime Minister Dmitry] Medvedev and [the head of "Rosneft" Igor] Sechin, and [co-owner of "Novatek" and "Stroytransgaz" Gennady] Timchenko, and [principal owner of bank "Russia" Yuri] Kovalchuk. " Metallurg does not agree: "It's one thing to lead a public entity or a state company, and the other - their business. It's like comparing a fight in the ring and in the alley, where Arkady, of course, the coolest fighter. "In an interview with the media Rothenberg, a senior told me that in the first legal business came his brother Boris. In the 1990s he worked as a coach in judo in Finland, and then with his wife founded the company Anirina Oy, which supplied "Urengoygazprom" (now the "Gazprom mining Urengoy") Finnish goods, and also engaged in the construction in exchange for gas. For further sale of this gas Boris drew Arcadia. In 2001, the brothers founded the bank "Northern Sea Route". But really serious deal at Rotenberg appeared closer to the middle zero. In 2003, Boris founded the firm "base-bargaining", which owned 25% of the company "Gaztaged". The rest was the main "of the supplier" of "Gazprom" - "Gazprom equipment". "Gaztaged" has become the largest supplier of tubes to "Gazprom". Turnover "Gaztaged" for 2003 reached $ 500 million.Head of the "Base-bargaining" Rotenberg chosen man of the wrestlers - Yuri Bukin. He was honored coach of Russia, author of the thesis "Professional development of sports clubs martial arts experts." With the management of the company he combined the post of President of the Federation of Greco-Roman wrestling and vice-president of the National Union of judo veterans. And when Boris Rotenberg closed "Baza-Torg" Bukin became CEO Arkady established in 2007 the company "Pipe metal", do the same as the "Gaztaged". Boris Rotenberg founded the group "pipe industry", which was headed by George Mashchenko, too, is not alien to the martial arts: with his brothers, he was a member of the board of trustees of the training of adolescents sambo "Children and Youth Sports Club" Guys Vyborg side. " Nikolai Vaschilin noted that in this club engaged in the chapter "Tambov" group, Vladimir Coumarin-Barsukov, and from there in the 1990s recruited personnel for this OPG.Pipe System RollbackThe authoritative past and the lack of economic knowledge did not prevent the first top managers Rotenberg show high achievement in the real economy. Arkady Rotenberg, has transferred to the authors of the written replies to questions, he said that the manual activities, business or a more risky process "a little different: there, and there are important power of the spirit, commitment, and focus on victory - the team." Even in the heyday of "Base-bargaining" brothers met with the scientist-entrepreneur Ivan Shabalova, which lobbied for the release program of large-diameter pipes (LDP) to "Gazprom"In 2009, Rotenberg called Shabalova liquidator in outlived itself "Gaztaged": to view the best pipe market prospects. The following year, they Shabalov sold 60% of its structure "North European Pipe Project" (SETP), which at that time was the main supplier of large diameter pipes for the pipeline "Nord Stream", built for direct Russian gas deliveries to Europe. SETP not produced tube and was the usual "seal" between the pipe manufacturers and "Gazprom" - a result of its cost-effectiveness was not of a percent, as in "Gaztaged" and a full-fledged 8%. The SETP employed about 60 people, which served to document the process of withdrawal of money from the "Gazprom" of the budget and their further cashing. So under the Rotenberg appeared professional team.The task of the new owners was to take control of the flow of contracts and money, says Rotenberg who knows the owner and Shabalova steel company. Shabalov not trying to teach the basics of Rotenberg metallurgy and production of pipes. According to the source, "Arkady for understanding the important reference points, and Shabalov set up under his system of reporting on these points in a very condensed form."A year after the purchase SETP earned 111 billion rubles in revenue (+ 28%) while 12 billion (+ 45%) of the net profit. Net profit margin increased from 9.6% to 10.8%, while in 2013, according to CEO SETP Alexander Muratov, was "the order of 10-15%." Then, in 2013, the Federal Antimonopoly Service (FAS) has recognized "Gazprom" guilty of abusing its dominant position on the market of large-diameter pipes. A Rotenberg, according to FAS, have access to "exclusive information about the lots.""Not Arkady invented that all owners of large Tube companies belonging to the Association of manufacturers and discuss with [the head of" Gazprom "Alexey] Miller needs of future projects -" South Stream "and" Power of Siberia ", - says metallurgist. There were, of course, but only SETP won major competitions of "Gazprom" and received contracts without competition. After the intervention of FAS, "Gazprom" has begun to purchase the pipe directly from the manufacturers. SETP The era has ended, but Rothenberg managed to earn good money. "To the extent that there are" shareholders taken from the profits, much as they wanted, Muratov said in an interview.The creator of ephemeral empireTo enter the market of construction contracts "Gazprom" Arkady Rotenberg prepared in advance. In the fall of 2007, his Cyprus offshore "Milas enzhiniring Limited" created the company "Stroygazmontazh" (CMB), and in May of next year, Alexei Miller announced a competition for the sale of controlling stakes in its five contractors - "Lengazspetsstroy", "Krasnodargazstroya", "Spetsgazremstroya", " Volgogradneftemash "and" Volgogaz ". Rotenberg bought them, he told in an interview of Forbes, at $ 400 million. There were five companies, and he created a holding company, said the owner of the metallurgical industry. As in the case of the SETP, he retained the backbone of the team companies, "but brought his control element."Manager selection principles Rothenberg evasively says that "trying to cultivate cadres, but it all depends on the occasion and the situation." For the construction of the vertical of power in their construction holding it found candidates for the two firms-contractors of "Gazprom" - "Northern gas pipeline" and the representation of offshore "financial-industrial holding" Gazkomplektservis "LTD" (FPH).From the first he called to the post of General Director Ruslan Gorukhino. A graduate of the Odessa University in the specialty "Management of foreign trade activities", Goriukhino said in an interview that he had been since 1998 one of the founders of the "Northern gas pipelines." This company was in 2006 for "Gazprom" in the Leningrad region the first 50-kilometer section of the future "Nord Stream". There Goriukhino said, he met with Rotenberg. Perhaps Rothenberg met a kindred spirit: since the 1990s the manager engaged in Ashihara Karate (Ashihara Karate), hard contact style. In 2007, he became head of the Russian Federation Ashihara Karate Kaikan.Goriukhino brought with him in "Stroygazmontazh" group personally loyal people. The boards of directors of "daughters" SGM except the representatives of the "EnPiVi-engineering" of Arkady Rotenberg, you can find people from "the Northern gas pipelines." The SGM they occupied positions of Deputy General Director to the directors departments. In the same list are and managers of "Gazkomplektservis," which is associated with Rotenberg. Ex-director of development of the company Irina Vorobiev became a director of CMB Corporate Governance and a member of the board of directors of its "daughters" - "Volgogaz", "Volgogradneftemash", "Lengazspetsstroy", "Spetsgazremstroya". In addition, "Spetsgazremstroy" Director of the Department worked FPH Valery Ershov and CFO "Gazkomplektservis" Inna Vaynshelboym, and "Lengazspetsstroy" - Andrei Zubkov, the former assistant manager "Gazkomplektservis", which became the head of Gorukhino apparatus.The head of the now liquidated representation "Gazkomplektservis", Academy of Public Administration graduate Balsky Paul was a member of the Board of Directors of SMP Bank. He now manages the National Union of Judo Veterans (Chairman Arkady Rotenberg) and is listed in the presidium of the Russian Judo Federation. His ex-deputy "Gazkomplektservis" Michael Opengeym also present in the boards of directors of "daughters" SGM. According to a source in the "Gazkomplektservis" if he Rothenberg Have never appeared, the general director of SGM Gorukhino could often be seen in the office, "He was responsible for the development and strategy."However, to speak about the strategies and business plans for the companies performing contracts won in the competitions, oddly enough."We have only one business plan - to be ready in any situation to fulfill obligations efficiently and on time, - said Goriukhino. - If the tender was held and we won it, he put into the company's plans for the coming year. " Regarding "Stroygazmontazh" strategy, he joked: "It is the same as our business plan. The main thing is not to weaken its influence on projects at the core of the customer, to cope with their implementation, and to remain profitable for shareholders. "Arkady Rotenberg did not answer the question of whether "Gazkomplektservis" affiliated with him. The archive "Ruspres" agency there are materials that related to the holding company for many years supplied "Gazprom" gas pumping units and other equipment for gas pipelines. In less than four years (2011-2014), they won the competition concern by 234 billion rubles, which is comparable with revenues SETP, the data structures remain invisible in the mass of other winners of tenders. The secret of "invisibility" is simple: Rothenberg actually used one-day firms, even the most successful of them in a year or liquidated, they are replaced by others, and their relationship to "Gazkomplektservis" impossible to track. Through the Cypriot offshore companies owned by each of them with a pair of anonymous offshore BVI, so the owners of the scheme could not be set. However, when journalists phoned the company, their reason whenever connected to a reception Opengeyma.I listen to your post RothenbergThe businesses that Rothenberg has full control, the vertical of power created by his followers the 1990s, as well as martial arts and their teams. This feature minister billionaire Abizov explains that "Arkady employs many people who know him from his youth: with someone he trained with someone crossed in sports career, and now stores the circle of friends and is very kind to him ". According to him, the team Rothenberg main value - trust, and his loss means roughly the same thing, which meant at that time, when Leonid Usvyatsova not yet killed. "If [in Rothenberg] people screwed up, - Abizov says - cold [surrounding] fills it instantly, and it is more valid than any depremirovanie".In life Rotenberg can happen every company recognizes the former owner "Mostotrest", but does not want to give examples: "Whatever the builder, then missing a bag of cement, and against this they have a strong security service." If revealed even a hint of abuse or poor performance management, Rothenberg says his old experience, "understands no security arms, and directly himself."