Budget road to Kazan unreasonably increased
First Vice-President of Russian Railways Alexander Misharin sent to the Ministry of Transport revised data on the cost of the construction of high-speed rail (HSR) Moscow - Nizhny Novgorod - Kazan. Total capital costs for the project have grown in comparison with 2014 estimates at 131 billion rubles., To 1.1995 trillion rubles. As a result of the monopoly of asking for more money from the federal budget for its implementation - 643 billion rubles, not 505 billion, two years ago..
The total length of the route - 770 km. Thus, the construction of one kilometer will cost 1.56 billion rubles.
00 April 16 0ramkad 214
View a larger version
The increase in expenses confirms officer of the government. The increase in project costs due to inflation and fluctuations in the ruble exchange rate, Misharin said. The impact of these factors was stronger than the economies of new technological solutions that Railways are ready to apply during the construction of high-speed rail, the letter says.
The actual cost is not increased, the answer reads the press service of Russian Railways on RBC request. The company explained that the expenditure adjusted for the index-deflator and the cost of debt financing, taking into account the changes in the key rate. Press service of the Ministry of Transport and the representative of the Deputy Prime Minister Arkady Dvorkovich has not yet responded to the request.
The main reason for the growth estimates - delays in the implementation of the project, Russian Railways employee explains. According to him, if the project was implemented in 2014, the rise in prices could have been avoided. "In fact, the building itself is not risen, and grew up value of money, including borrowing that needs to attract. Plus inflation, "- explains the source in the Railways. . According to him, the project - one of the cheapest in the world in dollar terms: because the ruble growth estimates in dollars fell from $ 32 billion to $ 17 billion figures confirmed the press service of Russian Railways.
Build a high-speed railway from Moscow to Kazan was planned in 2018 to the World Cup. However, the Ministry of Finance and Economic Development Ministry refused to allocate from the federal budget subsidies for the construction and 150 billion rubles. from the National Welfare Fund (NWF). For example, the Ministry of Finance considered inflated passenger traffic forecast and doubted that the Railways will be able to return funds to the NWF. Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev supported the decision.
00 April 16 0ramkad 217
In May 2015, the then president of the Russian Railways Vladimir Yakunin and the head of the "China Railway" Sheng Guangji signed a memorandum, according to which China is ready to allocate for the construction of high-speed rail 104 billion rubles. as a contribution to the charter capital of the SPV and 250 billion rubles. credit. Design a way the Russian-Chinese consortium led by JSC "Mosgiprotrans" with the participation of JSC "Nizhegorodmetroproekt" and CREEC (China Railway Eryuan Engineering Group). Project work should be completed in 2016. Misharin said that for this purpose is planned to spend 23 billion rubles.
Consultations about the viability of the project is still going on, the requested money in the budget it is not, says officer of the government. The official said the Ministry of Finance, at the ministry still strong doubts whether the road is needed now. Revised figures for the project in the Ministry has not received yet, he said.
The documents of Railways said that the start of construction is scheduled for 2017, the end - in 2020. The same was said earlier the Minister of Transport Maxim Sokolov.
Imported high-speed trains Russian
According to the Russian high-speed rail trains go overseas. Railways have started to buy high-speed trains abroad since 2007.
"Sapsan» (Velaro RUS), Siemens production
High-speed trains "Sapsan» (Velaro RUS) production of the German company Siemens began to run on the route Moscow - St. Petersburg in December 2009 and in July of 2010 - between Moscow and Nizhny Novgorod. The first contract for the supply and maintenance for 30 years, eight "Sapsan" Russian Railways and Siemens signed in 2007, its cost was € 600 million.
Allegro, Alstom production
In December 2010, between St. Petersburg and Helsinki started walking speed train Allegro produced by the French company Alstom. Rolling stock from Alstom in September 2007 bought the company Oy Karelian Trains Ltd - a joint venture between RZD and VR Group (Finnish state railway company). The cost of the contract for the supply of four trains was € 120 million.
«Swallow», Siemens production
In January 2013, we started operation of high-speed electric commuter "Swallow". The first routes were formed in the Leningrad region, then "Swallows" began to go in other directions, including on long-distance routes. The first contract for the development and delivery of 38 trains worth € 410 million Russian Railways and Siemens signed in 2009.
"Swift", the production of Patentes Talgo S.L.
In 2012, Russian Railways signed with Spanish company Patentes Talgo S.L. the contract by € 135 million for the supply of seven-speed trains Talgo 250. In Russia, they were called "Swift". On June 1, 2015 "Swifts" replaced "Sapsan" on the route Moscow - Nizhny Novgorod. In 2016 it is planned to run these trains on the route Moscow - Berlin.