The news about the initiation of a criminal case against one of the members of the board of directors of the Nanoenergo fund (a subsidiary of one of the Rosnano structures - Fonds Rusnano Capital S.A.) caused only one reaction from the majority of experts familiar with the situation in Rosnano - and why only now, why only for the Nanoenergo fund, and not for Fonds Rusnano Capital S.A. (or RNA for short) in general? answers these questions.

Indeed, why did the criminal case appear only now, and not in 2011-2012, not after the audit of the activities of Rosnano in 2013 (by the auditor Agaptsov S.A.), not after the audit of the Accounts Chamber in 2016 (by the auditor Manuylova T.N.) , not after the annual inspections of Rosnano's activities by Rosfinanadzor, and not after an inspection in 2020 by the Federal Treasury of the Ministry of Finance of Russia, after all, in the reports on the results of the above inspections of the activities of RNC, entire sections were devoted to describing in detail the schemes for pseudo-investment of funds and their beneficiaries?

Анатолий Чубайс и Олег Киселев

The history of RNC began in 2009, when Oleg Vladimirovich Kiselev (former deputy chairman of the board of Rosnano, now living in Italy and the UK) convinced Anatoly Chubais to create a "Fund of Funds" in a foreign jurisdiction. Irina Markovna Rapoport, who now lives in Italy, next to her former boss, was invited to the position of the head of the fund.

RNC was very different from other RUSNANO projects - it was such a lagoon in which the rules and procedures that were mandatory for other RUSNANO projects did not apply: the company was located in a separate beautiful office, had its own back office, including financiers, accounting and lawyers, its own control procedures; fund employees received solid (even by the standards of Rosnano) salaries and rewards, used luxury cars, were unlimited in representation and travel expenses. In addition to the salary, you can “work” with legal services, consulting, appraisers, etc. (200-250 million rubles a year).

The RNC fund itself was a kind of foreign moneybox, a stash for the future (in total, more than 15 billion rubles were transferred to the RNC). The funds were withdrawn outside the Russian Federation, placed on accounts in foreign banks and waited for the appearance of a beautiful scheme ... The unwritten mandate of the fund was the unhurried "digestion" of large budget money.

Rights and obligations of Rusnano in relation to Fonds Rusnano Capital S.A. were limited to the timely transfer of funds. The duties of the RNC were to prepare beautiful presentations dismantling the powerful pipeline of projects and the gigantic returns from them in the distant future. By the way, the fund’s reports made even Rusnano managers, accustomed to fraud, be sincerely surprised: thus, according to the RNA report for 2015, the expected income of RNA in 2017 should have been more than 60 billion rubles! At the end of 2017, no income was received, but a new, less optimistic forecast appears - more than 40 billion rubles in 2019. At the end of 2019, income amounted to only 2.1 million rubles (0.00035% of the original plan)!

Such is the mandate, cynical, but very harmless for the organizers and performers - after all, they don’t put people in jail for a beautiful life! Well, there is no corpus delicti here! No, even though none of Fonds Rusnano Capital S.A. did not bring a single ruble of income, that as of today all the projects of the fund have either been liquidated or are at the final stage of liquidation.

Everything would have been fine for Kiselev and Rapoport if not for the Nanoenergo Fund, one of the projects of Fonds Rusnano Capital S.A., which was managed by a subsidiary of Sberinvest Management Company CJSC.

Partner managers from Sberinvest Management Company CJSC did not share the strategy of slow digestion of money, having a desire to cut the funds received as soon as possible. The conflict came to light very quickly. Here Irina Rapoport needed to immerse herself in the activities of Nanoenergo, to use all sorts of corporate and other control mechanisms, but neither Irina Markovna (Rapoport) nor Oleg Vladimirovich (Kiselev) simply did not want to and did not know how to do this. It soon became clear that all the funds were quickly “invested” in shops allegedly engaged in the development of clean energy (Hydropower Technologies LLC, Coal Innovative Technologies LLC, etc.), where they were successfully cashed out. No, the managers of Sberinvest Management Company CJSC acted quite decently, sharing both the money and almost closing the scheme. But then the bank "Peresvet" collapsed, in which the Nanoenergo Fund kept funds and part of the money of the Nanoenergo Fund was lost. After that, the problems of the Nanoenergo Foundation began to come out and require a solution.

Ирина Рапопорт

The decision came very quickly: Irina Markovna and Oleg Vladimirovich decided to imitate a variety of actions (including those aimed at initiating a criminal case) to return the money. Of course, no one planned to initiate a criminal case, it was a form of protection for his own burning asses. And it became a strategic mistake. Very soon, the circle of participants involved in solving the problem became excessively large and the situation began to develop by itself. Of course, Asnisy and Partners did everything to keep the money back process from getting out of control, but after the dismissal of Chubais, Kiselyov and Rapoport, it became simply impossible to keep the situation.

What else is important. By the end of 2020, the entire invoice for RNC projects, including the Nanoenergo fund, was on the table with the leadership of Rusnano, but it took almost 2 years for Kulikov and Co. to initiate this criminal case. And now it depends on the investigating authorities what the scope of the investigation will be: whether only the activities of the Nanoenergo fund or the activities of Fonds Rusnano Capital S.A. will be the subject of study. and the decision makers in it.

To be continued

Timofey Grishin